MLA Research & Style Manual
Citing Traditional Resources

The following list contains examples of citations for the "Works-Cited section (bibliography) of a research paper. They are based on the MLA Style Manual, Sixth Edition. To see the MLA Web site, visit www.mla.org. Follow the prompts to "MLA Style" and "Frequently Asked Questions."

Refer to www.noodletools.com or www.citationmachine.net for additional assistance.


Remember to double space and indent all but first lines.

BOOKS BY ONE AUTHOR

Salinger, J. D. The Catcher in the Rye. New York: Bantam, 1951.
TWO OR MORE BOOKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR

Hoobler, Dorothy. Latin America: Tradition and Change. New York:

      Longman Publishing Group, 1991.

--- Mandella: The Man, The Struggle, The Triumph. New York: Watts,

      1992.
BOOKS BY TWO OR THREE AUTHORS

Brown, Nathan, and Sheryle A. Proper. The Everything Paying for

      College Book. Avon: Adams, 2005.
BOOKS BY THREE OR MORE AUTHORS

Gilman, Sandra, et. Al. Hysteria Beyond Freud. Berkeley: University of

      California Press, 1993.

If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al. (the abbreviation for the Latin phrase "and others") in place of the other authors' names, or you may list all the authors in the order in which their names appear on the title page.
NO AUTHOR

Cultural Revolution in China. New York: Scribner, 1967.
BOOK WITH AN EDITOR INSTEAD OF AUTHOR

Thackery, Frank W. and John F. Findling, ed. Events That Changed

      The World In The Twentieth Century.Westport: Greenwood Press, 1995.
BOOK, INTRODUCTION, PREFACE, FORWARD OR AFTERWARD

Cronkite, Walter. Preface. 1984. By George Orwell. New York: Signet

      Classic, 1983.
ENCYCLOPEDIA/REFERENCE BOOK ARTICLE, SIGNED

Ashley, Maurice. "Charles II." Encyclopedia Americana, 1993 ed.
ENCYCLOPEDIA/REFERENCE BOOK ARTICLE, UNSIGNED

"Ginsburg, Ruth Bader." Who's Who in America. 56th ed. 2002.
REFERENCE BOOK ARTICLE WITH EDITOR OR COMPILER

Benet, William Rose, ed. "Recessional." Reader's Encyclopedia.

      New York: Crowell,1965.
ARTICLE FROM A MONTHLY MAGAZINE

Ramsey, Pamela. "Where's My Smiley Face?" MacWorld. Sept. 1997:

      86-94.
NEWSPAPER ARTICLE

•   Jones, Carol. "Striking a Pose." New York Times 15 Oct. 1997, late

            ed.: sec. 1: 35+.

•   Smith, Bob. "Schools Losing Ground." USA Today 5 May 2001: 5D.

Note: Newspaper titles are NOT followed by periods. If there is more than one edition available for that date (as in an early and late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition following the date (e.g. 17 May 1987, late ed.).
RADIO AND TELEVISION PROGRAMS

The Last Voyage. Narr. Jacques Cousteau. Writ. and prod. Jacques

      Cousteau. PBS Special. WHYY, Philadelphia. 17 January 1972.
FILM OR FILM CLIP

The Picture of Dorian Gray. Dir. Albert Lewin. Perf. George Sanders and

      Donna Reed. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1972.
DOCUMENTARY OR VIDEO OR DVD

"Lindbergh: The Evidence Revealed." American Justice. Host Bill

      Curtis. 1994. Videocassette. A&E Home Video, 1998.

(1994 is the date that the program was broadcast, 1998 is the date the Video/DVD was released)
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