MLA Research & Style Manual
Citing Electronic Resources

The following formats and examples are offered as models for the "Works-Cited section (bibliography) of a research paper. They are based on the MLA Style Manual, Sixth Edition. To see the online guidelines presented at the MLA Web site, visit www.mla.org. Follow the prompts to "MLA Style" and "Frequently Asked Questions."

Refer to www.noodletools.com or www.citationmachine.net for additional assistance.


Remember to double space and indent all but first lines.

ARTICLE IN AN E-BOOK

Bloom, Harold.  Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Bloom's.

        Notes.  Broomall: Chelsea, 1996. NetLibrary. 2000. Island Trees

        High School Library, Levittown, N.Y. 7 Jan. 2004

        <http://www.netlibrary.com>

Author. Title of Work. Editor,Translator or Compiler. Publication
        Information from original book (place of publication: publisher, date).
        Title of Internet Site. Date of Electronic publication.
        Name of Sponsoring Institution, Location Date of access <URL>
PERIODICAL/MAGAZINE/JOURNAL FROM A SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE
(EX: INFOTRAC, E-LIBRARY, PROQUEST)


Adler, Johathan. "King's final years; as the shadows fell. King looked North.

        It was beginning of the end."  Newsweek. 9 Jan. 2006: 42. Infotrac.

        ThompsonGale. Island Trees High School Library, Levittown, N.Y.

        8 Feb. 2006   <http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/levi94885>.

Author. "Title of Work." Title of original periodical. Date of Periodical: Page.
        Title of Database. Title of Internet Service. Name of Sponsoring
        Institution, Location. Date of Access.
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES FROM A SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE

Lichtblau, Eric. "Administration Plans Defense of Terror Law."

        New York Times. 19 Aug. 2003. late ed.(East Coast): A1 . ProQuest.

        ProQuest Newspapers. Island Trees High School Library, Levittown,

        N.Y. 2 Feb. 2006 <http://www.proquest.umi.com>.

Author. "Title of Work." Title of newspaper. Date of newspaper, edition:
        section Title of Database. Title of Internet Service. Name of
        Sponsoring Institution, Location. Date of Access. <URL>.
ENCYCLOPEDIA/REFERENCE BOOK ARTICLES SIGNED FROM A SUBSCRIPTION DATABASE, SIGNED

•   Winks, Robin W. "Imperialism". Encyclopedia Americana. 2006.

            Grolier Online. Island Trees High School Library, Levittown.

            15 Feb. 2006 <http://go.grolier.com>.

•   Angyal, Andrew J. "Carl Sandburg." Critical Survey of Poetry.

            2nd ed. 2003. MagillOnLiterature Plus. EBSCO. Island Trees

            High School Library, Levittown, N.Y. 7 Mar. 2006

           <http://search.epnet.com>

Author. "Article Title." Title of Reference Book.
        Edition ed. Date of Publication. Name of Database. Subscription
        Service. Name of Sponsoring Library or Institution with city,
        state, or both. Date of Access. <URL>.
ENCYCLOPEDIA/REFERENCE BOOK ARTICLES SIGNED FROM A SUBSCRIPTION DATABASE, UNSIGNED

"Puritan Revolution". Encyclopedia Americana. 2006.

        Grolier Online. Island Trees High School Library, Levittown.

        15 Feb. 2006 <http://go.grolier.com>.

Author. "Article Title."  Title of the electronic publication.
        Edition ed. Date of Publication. Name of Database. Name of
        Service. Name of Sponsoring Library or Library System (with city,
        state, or both). Access Date <URL>.
WEBSITE (Basic)

"Donatello." Web Galary of Art. 28 Feb. 2006

        <http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/d/donatell/biograph.html>

Author (if available). "Title of Work." Title of Full Website (if applicable).
        Date of Access <URL
>
ENTIRE WEBSITE

•   Thomas: Legislative Information on the Internet. 2006. Library of

             Congress, Washington, D.C. 6 March 2006 <http://thomas.loc.gov/>

•   Randall, Vernellia. "Race, Racism, and the Law." World Wide Web Issues.

             4 Feb. 2006. University of Dayton School of Law. 8 Feb. 2006

             <http://academic.udayton,edu/race>

Author. "Title." Name of Website. Date page site was last updated.
        Sponsoring organization or institution. Date accessed <URL>
ENCYCLOPEDIA OR REFERENCE BOOK FROM THE WORLD WIDE WEB

•   "Renaissance." Columbia Encyclopedia Online 2006. Yahoo Reference.

            1 March 2006 <http://education.yahoo.com/reference/

            encyclopedia/entry/renaissance
>


•   "Leonardo DaVinci."  Wikipedia 2006. Wikipedia The Free

            Encyclopedia Online. 1 March 2006 <http://www.wikipedia.org>

Author, editor, compiler, translator (if given). "Title of Article."  Title of
        Book.  Date.  Title of Internet Site. Name of Editor of Site (if given).
        Date Accessed. <URL>
MAGAZINE ONLINE

Barlett, Donald and James B. Steele. "A Magic Way to Make Billions."

        Time. 167 6 Mar. 2006: 1-4. 28 Feb. 2006

        <http://www.time.com/time/magazine>

Author, "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Vol. & date of publication:
        number or range of pages (if provided) Date of Access <URL>
NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ONLINE

Nelson, Bryn. "Saving Bobby." Newsday. 28 Feb. 2006

        <http://www.newsday.com>
GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION ONLINE

U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency

        Prevention. Second Chance: Giving Kids A Chance To Make A Better

        Choice by Centeron Juvenile and Criminal Justice. Washington:

        GPO, May 2000. 17 Feb. 2006 <http://www.ncjrs.gov/index.html>

Author or Government Agency that issued document. Title of Publication
        Publishing Information (Place: Publisher, Date). Date of access
        <URL>
SOUND RECORDING ONLINE

•   "This Week's Saturday Radio Address." 25 Oct. 1998. Online sound.

           Whitehouse Briefing Room. 23 Oct. 2000

           <http://www.whitehouse.gov/WH/html/briefroom.html>

•   Holiday, Billie. "God Bless The Child." Rec. 9 May 1941. Online Sound.

           The Essence of Billie Holiday. Columbia, 1991. 10 Feb. 2006

            <http://www.songtrellis.com>
VIDEO CLIP ONLINE

•   "Hindenburg Broadcast." 6 May 1937. Online video clip.

           Encarta Online Deluxe. 4 Nov. 2000

           <http://encarta.msn.com/encarta/MediaMax.asp?z>

•   Pablo Picasso. 2004. Arts4All. Online Video Clip.

           United Streaming. 3 March 2006

            <http://academic.udayton,edu/race>

"Description or title of video clip." Date of clip. Online video clip.
           Title of hosting site. Date of download <URL>
DOCUMENTARY ON VIDEO OR DVD

"Lindbergh: The Evidence Revealed." American Justice.

        Host Bill Curtis. 1994. Videocassette. A&E Home Video, 1998.

(1994 is the date that the program was broadcast. 1998 is the date
the Video/DVD was released.)
VIDEO CLIP ONLINE

•   "Hindenburg Broadcast." 6 May 1937. Online video clip.

           Encarta Online Deluxe. 4 Nov. 2000

          <http://encarta.msn.com/encarta/MediaMax.asp?z>

•   Pablo Picasso. 2004. Arts4All. Online Video Clip.

           United Streaming. 3 March 2006

          <http://academic.udayton,edu/race>

"Description or title of video clip." Date of clip. Online video clip.
           Title of hosting site. Date of download <URL>
IMAGE: PAINTING, SCULPTURE, OR PHOTOGRAPHIC ONLINE

•   Renoir, Jean. Grand Illusion (La Grande Illusion)). 1937.

            2 March 2006. Museum of Modern Art. New York. 1 March 2006

           <http://moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?

            object_id=89496
>

•   "Mars Landing." 3 Nov. 1999. Online Image. NASA. 25 Feb. 2001

             <http://www.nasa.org>

•   Weaver, Bruce. "Challenger Explosion." 28 Jan. 1986. Online Image.

            AP Photo Archive. 30 Jan. 1999

            <http://www.ap.com/archive/012886.jpg>

Artist if available. "Description or Title of Image." Date of Image.
           Online Image. Title of the Larger Site. Date of Download <URL>
INTERVIEW ONLINE

•   " Bush, George H. W. Interview. Academy of Achievement).

            2 June 1995. 2 March 2006 <http://www.achievement.org>

•   Bush, George H. W. Interview with Tim Rusert. 7 Feb. 2004.

            Retrieved 2 March 2006

           <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4179618>

Although MLA style does not require the insertion of the word "Retrieved" or the word "Accessed" before the access date, you may wish to include one of these words to distinguish a retrieval date from a publication date.
MAP ONLINE

"Levittown." Map.   U.S. Gazetteer. US Census Bureau. 2 March 2006

        <www.census.gov >
COMIC STRIP OR CARTOON ONLINE

Keefe, Mike.  "Iraqi Constitution."  Cartoon. Denver Post 2005.

        Daryl Cagle's Professional Cartoonist Index. 15 Feb. 2006.

        Assessed 17 Feb. 2006

        <http://cagle. msnbc.com/news/iraqvoteconstitution/main.asp>

Although MLA style does not require the insertion of the word "Retrieved" or the word "Accessed" before the access date, you may wish to include one of these words to distinguish a retrieval date from a publication date.
E-MAIL

Pataki, George.  "Re: Election."  E-Mail to Tom Suozzi.

       5 March 2006.
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